Chapter 1 General
Article 1.0.1 This specification is formulated for the purpose of conforming scientific design building design to the basic requirements of application, safety and sanitation.
Article 1.0.2 This specification is applicable to the construction, reconstruction and expansion of scientific experimental building design based on general-purpose laboratories such as natural science research institutions, industrial enterprises, and colleges and universities. Other similar scientific experimental building designs can be implemented by reference.
Article 1.0.3 Scientific experimental building design must implement the relevant national guidelines, policies, and regulations to achieve advanced technology, safety, reliability, economical rationality, quality assurance, energy conservation, and environmental protection.
Article 1.0.4 In addition to the implementation of this code, the scientific experimental building design shall comply with the relevant national standards.
Chapter 2 Terminology
Article 2.0.1 Scientific experimental buildings: buildings used for scientific research and experimental work. Generally, it includes experimental rooms, auxiliary rooms, and public facilities.
Article 2.0.2 Experimental room: It is directly used for scientific research and experimental work. Includes general laboratories, specialized laboratories, and research studios.
Article 2.0.3 Auxiliary Housing: A house that provides services for scientific research and experimental work. Including academic activity room, library, laboratory animal room, greenhouse, specimen room, affiliated processing plant, equipment library, etc.
Article 2.0.4 Utility premises: premises that provide the required environmental and other conditions for scientific research and experimental work. Including heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration, water supply, drainage, softening water, gas, special gas, compressed air, vacuum, lighting, power supply, telecommunications and other facilities.
Article 2.0.5 General Laboratory: A laboratory for multidisciplinary research and experimental work on a bench scale.
Article 2.0.6 Specialized laboratories: have specific environmental requirements (such as constant temperature, constant humidity, clean, sterile, anti-vibration, anti-radiation, anti-electromagnetic interference, etc.) or mainly sophisticated, large-scale, special experimental devices (such as electronics) Laboratory for microscopes, high-precision balances, spectrometers, etc.)
Article 2.0.7 Research Studio: A room for scientific research personnel engaged in theoretical research, preparation of experimental materials, access to literature, collation of experimental data, and preparation of results reports.
Article 2.0.8 Standard unit combination design: In order to ensure the experimental design principle of the experimental room, that is, from the current and long-term scientific experimental work content, equipment and personnel development changes, comprehensive consideration of the three-dimensional space of the experimental room Size, laboratory construction equipment and laboratory equipment layout, building structure selection, utility supply methods, etc. For the frame structure, one standard unit refers to the area enclosed by one column net; for the mixed structure, one standard unit corresponds to the area enclosed by one column net of the frame structure.
Article 2.0.9 Biological culture room: A room for biological cultivation under artificial environmental conditions. Including microbial culture, tissue culture, cell culture and other housing. The required environmental conditions include temperature and humidity, light, air, moisture, pH, and sterilization. Commonly used instruments include shakers, incubators, and the like.
Section 2.0.10 Balance chamber: Set a room with a weighing accuracy of ±0.1 to 0.01 mg. The balance can be set on a simple anti-vibration platform.
Section 2.0.11 High-precision balance chamber: A room with a microbalance with a weighing accuracy of ±0.002~0.001mg requires constant temperature, constant humidity, anti-vibration, windproof, dustproof, anti-corrosive gas, direct sunlight and other environments. condition.
Section 2.0.12 Front Chamber: Also known as the buffer room or transition room, and can also be used as a changing room.
Article 2.0.13 Preparation room: The supporting room of some special laboratories, for the experimental personnel to prepare for the experiment.
Article 2.0.14 Anti-Biohazard Laboratories: Also known as Biosafety Laboratories. The most important environmental condition for rooms used in experiments involving harmful microorganisms and viruses is to maintain the negative pressure in the room.