With the improvement of medical quality and level in China, a large number of advanced and sophisticated instruments and equipment have been widely used in clinical laboratories. In order to adapt to the development of the new situation, to provide better treatment to patients, more and more hospitals are The laboratory will be reconstructed or newly built, and efforts will be made to rationalize space and standardize management, and to realize new ideas and ideas for designing to the greatest extent possible. The hospital laboratory is a place with very strict requirements on the environment. Therefore, in the laboratory design process of the hospital, we must follow the national standards and design concepts. Let's go down and look at the new ideas for the design of the hospital laboratory. It. Environmental choice To facilitate the delivery of specimens by patients and clinical departments, the new laboratory is generally selected on the second or third floor of the building. The emergency department and the charging office are downstairs. It is reasonable and convenient for both emergency and laboratory tests in the middle and evening classes.
Interior layout In order to facilitate work and instrument maintenance, large-scale laboratories use large-scale and major equipment and equipment in the middle of the house to facilitate heat dissipation, fault repair, and cleaning when the instrument is in operation. Specimen handling, distribution, sample addition, and some small experiments that do not require hands-on operation are performed on a wall-side workbench. This arrangement is also very convenient for the flow of workers and the transfer of samples.
Room allocation Modern inspection instruments and equipment are developing in the direction of large-scale, automated assembly lines. Many hospitals have taken measures to establish large-scale laboratories and combined biochemical and immunoassay laboratories at the same time. Water source design All laboratories have clean pools (stand-alone sinks) and contaminated pools (washing and dyeing). The sewers are directly connected to the hospital's wastewater treatment system. The foot bath is controlled by a foot pedal, which not only meets the requirements of laboratory hygiene, but also is more durable. The pollution pool is used to wash experimental contaminants and make a deep pool for splash prevention. Power design The experimental equipment and auxiliary power equipment are positioned in advance, and the power socket is assembled but separated from the lighting power source, without interfering with each other. Important equipment and equipment are equipped with uninterrupted power supply (UPS power supply) and dedicated grounding wire, and consider the availability of equipment and temporary power outlets that may be purchased in future laboratory developments. Lighting Design In the laboratory, the lighting equipment is mainly fluorescent lamps. It is installed semi-invisiblely in the polished ceiling in parallel with the work table. Incandescent lamps are used in the hallways. Different lighting sources combine to create a comfortable and beautiful visual experience in the laboratory to create a good one. Working environment. The bacteria room is equipped with four 30W ultraviolet lamps as required, as a commonly used disinfection device, also semi-invisible in the ceiling.
The design of the hospital's laboratory is different from that of the general building design. The design must not only be beautiful and comfortable, but also be fire-proof, moisture-proof, anti-corrosion, etc., and be environmentally safe, reliable, and durable. A scientifically-reasonable laboratory can play an active role in discipline construction, personnel training, and disease diagnosis. It can also provide a safe and efficient working environment for inspectors.