Today, we will tell you all about what are the most common laboratories in the market today?
First, dry laboratory and wet laboratory
Dry laboratories refer to laboratories that do not use or use less water, such as precision instrument rooms, balance rooms, and high-temperature chambers.
The wet laboratory refers to laboratories that need to be equipped with drainage for routine experiments such as sample processing, capacity analysis, centrifugation, sedimentation, and filtration.
Second, the main laboratory and auxiliary laboratory
1, the main laboratory
The main laboratory refers to the main laboratory for conducting core experiments such as analysis and research, such as the precision instrument room. 2, auxiliary laboratory
Auxiliary laboratories refer to auxiliary laboratories that implement core experiments, such as balance rooms, high-temperature chambers, and sample chambers.
Third, conventional laboratories and special laboratories
1, conventional laboratory
Conventional laboratories are general chemical laboratories, biological laboratories, and physics laboratories that have no pressure difference and purification requirements.
2, special laboratories
Special laboratories refer to laboratories that meet special needs such as clean labs, antistatic laboratories, constant temperature and humidity laboratories, and mobile laboratories. Special laboratories also include laboratories such as biosafety laboratories, radioactive laboratories, inflammable and explosive dangerous goods laboratories and others that are potentially dangerous to people or the environment.
Division of disciplines
According to the disciplines can be divided into chemical laboratories, biological laboratories, physical laboratories.
First, the chemical laboratory
The chemical laboratory is mainly engaged in the research, analysis and teaching of inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and polymer chemistry. Generally include physical and chemical laboratories, precision instruments room, balance room, standard liquid room, medicine room, storage room, high temperature room, pure water room and so on.
This is mainly for sample processing, capacity analysis, centrifugation, sedimentation, filtration and other routine experiments and operations or instrument analysis.
Second, biological laboratory
Biological laboratories are divided into zoology laboratories, botany laboratories, and microbiology laboratories.
1. Zoology Laboratory
The toxicological experiment commonly used in zoology is to study the damage and mechanism of chemical substances to biological organisms from the perspective of biology. The laboratory is a test and research site for toxicity identification, safety assessment and functional mechanism, including common animal experiments. Room and clean animal laboratories are generally composed of front area, rearing area, animal laboratory, and auxiliary area.
2. Botany Lab
The botany laboratory mainly conducts experiments such as plant dissection, production staining, determination of cellular chemical components, microbial detection, gene isolation and purification, in vitro amplification technology, protein quantitative determination, and electrophoresis analysis.
3, microbiology laboratory
The microbiology laboratory is divided into the pathogenic microbiology laboratory and the hygiene microbiology laboratories
(1) Pathogen Microbiology Laboratory:
The laboratory of pathogenic microorganisms is mainly based on the identification and classification of viruses and bacteria. The laboratory designs 1-4 types of viruses (bacteria), and the hazards are relatively large. This hazard includes human hazards and harm to the environment. It also includes The harm to the subject. Therefore, the laboratory for pathogenic microorganisms should be completed in a special laboratory biosafety laboratory.
(2) Sanitary Microbiology Laboratory:
Hygienic microbiology laboratories mainly focus on product testing and inspection, with little or no harm. Labs mainly use food, cosmetics, air, and water. The focus is on environmental pollution between samples or samples. The microbiology laboratory is mainly done in a clean laboratory.
Third, the physical laboratory
The physical laboratory includes electrical laboratories, thermal laboratories, mechanics laboratories, optical laboratories, comprehensive physics laboratories, etc.