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What are the factors to consider when designing a laboratory?

Nov 13, 2018

After contacting a large number of laboratory design cases, BOKA found that before each laboratory began preparation, some issues should be considered, depending on the requirements of different types of laboratories or laboratory requirements for different functions. There are several factors to consider when planning a laboratory. Of course, this is a question that professional laboratory designers need to consider, but in the future, the lab can use it yourself. Therefore, you must find the responsible project for these problems. The designer went to ask clearly~~

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1, laboratory design room location

Bottom layer: If the equipment is of high quality or requires shockproof, it can be set on the bottom layer.

Orientation: Each laboratory has its own requirements. The large-scale instruments must pay attention to its description. Some of them can't let the sun shine directly. Therefore, the orientation of the room should be protected from light. The chemical analysis room needs to be determined by observation color due to titration, colorimetry, etc. As a result, the light in the room is better. But there are also some auxiliary rooms or laboratories that require north facing, such as the balance room.

Floor: If you are a building with a laboratory, the type of laboratory that requires clean, clean, quiet, and the type of laboratory should be placed on the upper level as much as possible. This layout is the most perfect.


2, laboratory design indoor size

If the laboratory requires the air conditioning system to be suspended, the height of the floor should be increased accordingly. Since the experiment requires the installation of ventilation, gas and other auxiliary facilities, there must be more pipelines. In the initial stage of the construction of the experimental building, it must be noted that the height of the floor should be high. In the ordinary office building. Moreover, some laboratories are used for the installation of special instruments (such as certain building machinery), and they need to be individually designed according to the requirements of special instruments.


3, laboratory design room requirements

Room requirements refer to environmental control to meet the experimental requirements, such as laboratory requirements for cleanliness; general analytical laboratories require general cleanliness; for some laboratories engaged in microanalysis, in order to avoid sample contamination, ultra-clean experiments are required. The experiment was completed in the room. Many experiments and equipment require a relatively constant temperature and moderate environment. In addition, there are many general requirements in the laboratory, such as anti-corrosion and fire protection of various materials, quiet requirements in the room, and no strong vibration.


4, the design of the door in the laboratory design

The laboratory doors have various requirements, the main requirements are as follows:

Opening direction: The door of the laboratory is opened inside and outside. General chemical, biological laboratories, and explosion-proof laboratory room doors are all open type.

Door hole size: The width of the laboratory door made up of one-half standard unit should not be less than 1m, and the height should not be less than 2.10m, commonly known as a single door. The width of the doorway of a laboratory consisting of one or more standard units shall not be less than 1.20m, and the height shall not be less than 2.10m. Generally, the size of the door opening of the laboratory door, double-opening door and special requirements shall be determined according to the specific conditions.

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5, laboratory design window design

The laboratory's window design needs to meet the following requirements:

Laboratories that normally set up heating and air conditioning should reduce the area of the laboratory's outer windows when meeting the lighting requirements. Pay special attention to the external window used for laboratory air conditioning should have good airtightness and heat insulation, and it is a double window.

Under normal circumstances, the laboratory window sash is closed, and the air conditioning system is used for ventilation. When the power is being repaired or blacked out, part of the sash can be opened for natural ventilation. The direction of opening is generally outward. This should not be wrong. ~~ Haha.

A laboratory with cleanliness requires a fixed window to prevent dust from entering the room.

Some laboratories use a closed window to prevent the ash layer from entering the window and ensuring that the sash can be opened.

Shading requirements are based on laboratory requirements, sometimes requiring horizontal shading, sometimes vertical shading, and some available blinds.


6, laboratory design ceiling design

Usually because the laboratory pipeline is more complicated, in order to facilitate routine maintenance and repair, most foreign experiments do not use ceilings. However, due to the difficulty in ensuring the quality of construction in China, especially the quality of the air is difficult to guarantee, in order to ensure the beauty and cleanliness of the laboratory, most laboratories still use suspended ceilings. The biosafety room must be suspended and a special ceiling is used for the ceiling.


7, laboratory design ground design

Laboratory floors generally require clean, non-slip, anti-radioactive, anti-static, dry, and shockproof. For shockproof, there are two types of vibration, one is the vibration generated by the experiment itself, and the anti-vibration measures are required to avoid affecting other rooms; the other is the anti-vibration requirements of the experimental or precision instruments themselves.

After talking about the seven factors that need to be paid attention to during the planning and design of the laboratory, do you have any thoughts? The laboratory planning and design is a big problem. When planning and designing the laboratory, you should find a super super reliable, professional. The team is going to do it~ Otherwise, if the laboratory planning and design is not done well, the later stage is very very difficult to carry out scientific research experiments~ and it will affect your experimental results and progress. If you have difficulty, please remember to find BOKA~10 Five years of professional laboratory planning and design, what you are worried about, we will help you solve it~~

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