Today, VOLAB Xiaobian will lead everyone to see the main points of the hospital design laboratory design planning?
1. Key points of laboratory design planning for hospital laboratory
1. The clinical laboratory should be located at the entrance of the near-inspection department; for the clinical examination of the outpatient service, there should be a room for the specimen and a waiting area.
Second, the biochemical laboratory should be equipped with a fume hood, instrument room (cabinet), drug room (cabinet), anti-vibration platform; and should have facilities for storing valuable drugs and highly toxic drugs.
Third, the bacteria testing room should be located at the end of the laboratory. When a sterile inoculation room is set up, there should be an anterior chamber; if a culture medium room is set, the operation table should be lit on the right side; a transfer window should be provided between the inoculation room and the bacteria test room and the culture medium room.
4. The inspection room shall be equipped with washing facilities. Bacterial inspection shall be provided with special washing facilities; each inspection room shall be equipped with at least one washing pool which is not manually switched.
2. Blood bank
First, it should be adjacent to the surgical department, and should not be adjacent to the room where radiation is generated.
Second, it consists of blood storage, blood matching, cleaning, disinfection and other chambers; the larger the size of the blood storage and blood distribution room should be divided into rooms, and the front room should be set up between the walkway and the walkway. The blood bank located in the laboratory should be properly sanitized.
Third, there is a blood bank for self-collection, a blood donation room, a liquid chamber, a blood cell separation room, and a blood donor's lounge should be added, and should be self-contained.
3. Interior layout
In order to facilitate the work and maintenance of the instrument, in the large laboratory, the method of arranging large and main instruments in the middle of the house is adopted, which not only facilitates heat dissipation and fault maintenance during the operation of the instrument, but also facilitates cleaning and sanitation. Specimen processing, dispensing, loading, and some small experiments that do not require hands-on operation are performed on the wall side workbench. This arrangement is also very convenient for staff flow and sample transport. Small laboratories are limited by space, and the workbench is usually located near the wall.
4. Environmental choice
In order to facilitate the patient and clinical department to send specimens, the new laboratory laboratory selected the second floor of the building, downstairs for the emergency department and the toll booth, etc., the upper 12 floors of the hospital concentrated all the inpatient clinical departments except the infection department, regardless of the middle and late It is very reasonable and convenient for all kinds of emergency tests (including the outpatient laboratory for daily work) or daily tests.
5. Room allocation
Modern inspection instruments and equipment are developing in the direction of large-scale and automated assembly lines. To this end, we have opened up the original space ideas, and from the development of the eyes, we have taken measures to establish large-scale laboratories, and biochemical and immune in the south-facing rooms. The inspection room is combined and set up in one room.
6. Water source design
All laboratories have installed clean pools (independent dedicated sinks) and polluted tanks (for washing and dyeing), and the sewers are directly connected to the hospital sewage treatment system. The foot control of the sink is not only in line with laboratory hygiene requirements, but also durable. The polluted pool was used to wash the experimental dirt and made a deep pool for splash prevention.
7. Power supply design
The experimental instrument and the auxiliary electrical equipment are pre-positioned, the power socket is assembled, and the lighting power supply is separately connected and does not interfere with each other. Important equipment and equipment are equipped with uninterruptible power supply (UPS power supply) and dedicated grounding wire, and consider a number of instruments and temporary power outlets that may be purchased in the future.
8. Lighting design
The laboratory indoor lighting equipment is mainly fluorescent lamps, which are installed in the polished ceiling in parallel with the work surface. The incandescent lamps are used in the corridor, and the different illumination sources are combined to make the laboratory feel comfortable and beautiful. The inspection department door, the emergency window, and the duty room are equipped with eye-catching light boxes to facilitate the people to find at night. To effectively protect workers and avoid specimen contamination. The bacteria room is equipped with four 30W UV lamps according to the requirements. As a common disinfection device, it is also semi-invisible in the ceiling.