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Biological Laboratory Design Concept 7 Elements

Mar 28, 2018
  1. Maximize respect for the base environment Based on a thorough analysis of the current status of the base, in the conception of the plan, the building is designed as the background of the environment, that is, the individual buildings are to be included in the environment to express respect for the environment. This concept is also called the concept of ecological architecture design.

    Biological laboratory design

  2. Forward-looking

    *Flexibility Every laboratory can have enough space to place instruments and equipment. Separate panels can also independently control their respective uses so that they do not affect the relevant laboratories.

    * Economics The laboratory should consider the utilization efficiency of different types of workspaces and divide the area to avoid waste of area and space.

    *Extensibility Lab systems based on modular models that can be added to structures and reusable operating systems can perform the necessary contraction and expansion without sacrificing related functions or affecting related laboratories.

    *Sequential Regional allocation in the laboratory needs to be divided according to the degree of potential danger. The locations where the smoke shield, acid and flammable substances are stored, and the space allocated for the bio-safety compartment will be placed in the higher hazard zone, ie in the back of the laboratory (away from the exit). A certain amount of space and enough waste passages will be used to form a second layer of protection for the higher hazard zone. The low-risk zone of each laboratory will be used to arrange a variety of dry countertop activities, such as placing desks, computers and instruments. Wet table activities were placed in the middle-risk zone.

    *Passability The laboratory walkways and entrances and exits will provide easy access to action and provide appropriate access to relevant national regulations.

  3. 3. Adapting to the development trend of biotechnology In order to ensure the safety of laboratory personnel, prevention of environmental pollution is a prerequisite for experimental research on pathogenic microorganisms. Because the laboratory is a high-risk work area that may cause experimental personnel and surrounding environment to be contaminated, in the design, not only must meet the functional requirements, but must also comply with the national standards and relevant professional standards, and refer to the relevant domestic and foreign biological laboratories for reference. Design standards and related specifications to meet the requirements of the general guidelines for the safety of microbiological and biomedical laboratories.

  4. 4. Promoting scientific research capabilities Modern laboratories emphasize the exchanges and learning among experimental personnel and attach importance to the team spirit of laboratory personnel. Taking into account the characteristics of the activity of research activities, the building must be able to adapt to changes in technology, equipment and skills, and can promote the sharing and transmission of knowledge among researchers, thus forming an academic atmosphere of mutual encouragement and communication.

  5. Reasonable use of space The design of modern laboratories generally adopts a unified column network and divides unitized modules with different levels of safety protection to suit different process requirements. This modular layout not only absorbs the advanced processes of CDC at home and abroad, but also enables the laboratory to meet the needs of future transformation.

  6. Humanized indoor and outdoor environment The humanized design concept is used to arrange indoor and outdoor environments, providing laboratory workers with an efficient workplace and a comfortable environment for leisure.

  7. Attaches great importance to the safety and security engineering. Most laboratories are secondary biosafety protection laboratories, and are suitable for the research work of workers and the microorganisms with moderate potential hazards in the environment; some experimental areas are three-level biosafety protection experiments. Room, suitable for the study of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins that cause people to infect severe or even fatal diseases mainly through respiratory pathways. To prevent microbial disasters, the design of biosafety secondary and biosafety tertiary laboratories is the focus.