1. Reasonable positioning and scientific planning.
In the process of building a professional laboratory, the “construction” part is essential. It includes the positioning and planning of the laboratory, which is the foundation and soul of the entire laboratory construction.
Laboratory positioning refers to: the international and domestic positioning of the laboratory (what kind of level should be achieved?); the positioning of the laboratory in the industry (system); the positioning of the laboratory in the society (exercising government functions? third parties) Detection? General Laboratory?) The location of the laboratory in its geographic area.
Laboratory planning includes two aspects: one is laboratory building planning, and the other is laboratory process planning. The laboratory building plan includes the appearance, style, height, and layout of the building. Before the construction of the laboratory, the process of investigating the needs of the laboratory is actually to determine the process of planning the entire laboratory for 3 to 5 years. Therefore, a large amount of preliminary research work is required. It is necessary to clarify its own needs and future development direction, and to extensively examine the established laboratories of relevant units and learn their experiences and lessons.
2. Laboratory design should precede civil design.
"Construction" should precede "construction", and only "construction" is clear before it can begin to "build." It is the process of implementing abstract ideas through professional means, including laboratory design, installation, commissioning, maintenance and upgrade.
At present, there is no relevant building code for the construction of laboratories in China. Therefore, many laboratories in the civil engineering design stage have not fully considered the special requirements of the laboratory for construction. The correct laboratory construction process is to first carry out the laboratory process design, and then carry out the laboratory civil design under the premise of meeting the laboratory process requirements. This requires the construction unit to consult the professional experimental design party, and timely intervention in the civil design stage of the project. If possible, it is best to bring civil engineers to visit other units' laboratories to deepen their understanding.