Today's hospital laboratory design plan includes sample pretreatment area, experiment area, buffer zone, cleaning area and office area, and each zone is divided into corresponding functional areas according to their own requirements. Allocate various instruments and personnel positions according to the processing order of samples, reduce the time of sample and data circulation, and improve the overall work efficiency. The hospital laboratory design and planning will also fully consider and propose the following design points according to the corresponding:
Hospital laboratories have special requirements for biological safety: including the necessary biological safety facilities, such as non-manual hand washing equipment and emergency eye washing equipment at the exit; according to the BSL, some high-risk risks should be carried out in the secondary biological safety cabinet-secondary experiment The room requires the installation of clean areas and contaminated areas.
2. Physical security
Hospital laboratories often have some accidents that will cause significant losses to hospital laboratories: mechanical fires caused by short-circuiting of electrical equipment, causing damage to equipment on the same line; road rupture causing laboratory submergence; reagent temperature is too high, due to power failure Or the refrigerator malfunctions and deteriorates; the mouse is bitten by the device wire, causing maintenance difficulties and interrupting the inspection work. Therefore, in addition to ensuring regular safety, increased circuit capacity, power-off protection, fireproof materials, automatic fire extinguishing devices, and rat-proof entrance equipment need to be concentrated.
In recent years, due to the rapid development of hospitals, the number of patients has increased and the number of samples has increased. However, the hospital laboratory did not predict the future development at the beginning of the design, which made existing equipment and facilities inconsistent with actual needs. Many hospitals have to adjust other spaces in the laboratory. This follow-up solution usually makes the existing space and the original laboratory geographically far apart, invisibly increasing the flow distance of humans, objects, and specimens, and increasing the workload. Therefore, the design of the hospital laboratory must fully consider the development of the next 5-8 years, and reserve space for projects, equipment, personnel offices and training venues that may be added in the future
4. Emergency protection
Now technology is developing rapidly, and the automation level of instruments and equipment is very high. For some control systems, manual switching bypass should be added to prepare for emergency use, such as: UPS, EPS, inverter, etc.