Laboratory design, whether it is a new construction, expansion, or reconstruction project, is not simply the purchase of reasonable equipment, but also a comprehensive consideration of the laboratory's overall planning, rational layout and graphic design, as well as power supply, water supply, gas supply, Infrastructure and basic conditions such as ventilation, air purification, safety measures, and environmental protection. Now let's discuss specifically.
Laboratory construction is a complex system project. In modern laboratories, advanced scientific instruments and well-equipped laboratories are prerequisites for upgrading modern science and technology and promoting the growth of scientific research results. "People-oriented, people and the environment" has become a subject of great concern. In the "security, environmental protection, practical, durable, beautiful, economic, excellent, leading," the planning and design concepts. According to these, laboratory design has some regular things, let's find out.
Laboratory Design II
In ergonomics, the perfect coordination of equipment and technology workers' operating space reflects the scientific and humanistic planning and design. When planning a plane design, the first factor to consider is “safety.” Laboratories are the most prone to explosions, fires, and gas leaks. When we are doing graphic design, we should try our best to keep the laboratory ventilated and the escape channel unimpeded.
Laboratory Design III
Sky platform, instrumentation platform should not be too close to the wall, 400mm away from the wall is appropriate. In order to facilitate evacuation when work is at risk, the aisles between the test-beds should all lead to the corridor. In addition, the laboratory building height should be 3.7-4.0 meters, and the net height should be 2.7-2.8 meters. The laboratory net height of cleanliness, pressure gradient, constant temperature and humidity and other special requirements should be 2.5-2.7 meters. Meters (excluding ceilings); the laboratory corridors should have a net width of 2.5-3.0 meters. The average laboratory double door width should be 1.1-1.5 meters, and the single-door width should be 0.8-0.9 meters.
Laboratory design four
Laboratories are generally classified by physics, inorganic chemistry, organic synthesis chemistry, and biology. According to the different content, purpose and scale of the laboratory, each has its own characteristics. For example, basic teaching laboratories are divided into disciplines and professional subjects. Most of them are relatively simple teaching experiments with lower requirements for water and electric wind, and the research institutes have to the laboratories. Ventilation, water supply and drainage, electronic control and cleanliness are all required to be high, but the basic principles of laboratory design are all common. Take organic chemistry as an example, mainly by chemical basic laboratory, instrument analysis laboratory, clean laboratory, Electronic computer room, research room, auxiliary laboratory, service supply room and other components.
Laboratory Design Five
The clean laboratory mainly uses human means to apply clean technology to achieve control of indoor air dust, bacteria concentration, temperature and humidity and pressure, in order to achieve the required cleanliness, temperature and humidity and airflow speed and other environmental parameters. The cleanliness of the air refers to the degree of airborne dust in a clean air environment. The level of air cleanliness is divided by the dust concentration. Cleanliness refers to the total amount of dust particles with a particle size of ≥ 0.5 μm per liter of air.
Lab Design Six
The auxiliary laboratories mainly include balance rooms, high-temperature chambers, pure water rooms, gas cylinder rooms, storage rooms, solution preparation rooms, and dark rooms. In the balance room, the analytical balance is a necessary common instrument for chemical laboratories. High-precision balances have certain requirements on the environment, mainly the influence of air flow and wind speed. The balance room should be close to the chemical laboratory for ease of use, but should not be associated with high-temperature chambers. Rooms with strong electromagnetic interference are adjacent. High-precision microbalances should be set on the ground floor. The balance room shall not be equipped with a washing table or any pipe through the bowl to prevent the leakage of the pipes from affecting the maintenance and use of the scale.
With regard to experimental design, we need to invite more professionals to conduct inspections and design. Many of these are professional and many are very dangerous. Therefore, we must take safety as the first criterion.