According to the laboratory characteristics can be divided into dry laboratory and wet laboratory, the main laboratory and auxiliary laboratories, conventional laboratories and special laboratories and risk laboratories.
Dry Laboratory and Wet Laboratory
Dry laboratory is the precision instrument room, balance room, high temperature room, etc. do not use or less use of water laboratory.
Wet laboratory is the laboratory, such as sample processing, capacity analysis, centrifugation, precipitation, filtration and other conventional experiments need to be equipped with water supply and drainage laboratory.
Main laboratory and auxiliary laboratory
The main laboratory is the main laboratory for analysis, research and other core experiments, such as precision instruments room.
Auxiliary laboratories are ancillary laboratories for achieving core experiments, such as the balance room, high temperature room, sample room and so on.
General laboratory and special laboratory
General laboratories are general chemical laboratories, biological laboratories and physical laboratories that require no pressure and purification requirements.
Special laboratories are clean laboratories, anti-static laboratories, constant temperature and humidity laboratory, mobile laboratories to meet the special needs of the laboratory. Special laboratories also include biosafety laboratories, radiological laboratories, flammable and explosive dangerous goods laboratories and other potentially dangerous laboratories for the people or environment.
According to the disciplines can be divided into chemical laboratories, biological laboratories, physical laboratories.
Chemical laboratory mainly engaged in inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, polymer chemistry and other fields of research, analysis and teaching work. Generally include physical and chemical laboratories, precision instrument room, balance room, standard room, drug room, storage room, high temperature room, pure water room.
This is mainly for sample processing, capacity analysis, centrifugation, precipitation, filtration and other conventional experiments and operation or instrument analysis.
b. Bio Laboratory
The biological laboratory is divided into zoology laboratory, botanical laboratory and microbiology laboratory.
Common toxicology in zoology is a biological study of the chemical substances on the biological organ damage and its mechanism, the laboratory is for toxicity identification, safety evaluation and functional mechanisms of the test and research sites, including the general animal experiments Room and clean animal laboratory, usually by the former area, feeding area, animal laboratory, auxiliary area composition.
Botanical laboratory mainly for plant anatomy, film dyeing, cytochemical composition determination, microbial detection, gene isolation and purification, in vitro amplification technology, protein quantitative determination, electrophoresis analysis and other experiments.
Microbiology laboratory is divided into pathogenic microbiology laboratory and health microbiology laboratory.
(1) Pathogenic Microorganisms Laboratory:
The pathogen microbiology laboratory mainly to the identification and classification of viruses and bacteria, laboratory design 1 to 4 types of viruses (bacteria), the harm is relatively large, this hazard includes the harm to people, the environmental hazards, including The harm to the subject. Therefore, the pathogenic microbiological laboratory should be completed in a special laboratory biosafety laboratory.
(2) Health Microbiology Laboratory:
Health and microbiology laboratory mainly to product testing and testing mainly harm less or no harm, the laboratory object mainly to food, cosmetics, air and water, the focus is on the environment of the sample or sample contamination, so health Microbiological laboratories are mainly done in clean laboratories.
c. Physical laboratory
Physical laboratories include electrical laboratories, thermal laboratories, mechanical laboratories, optical laboratories, integrated physical laboratories.
According to the industry can be divided into disease prevention and control center laboratory, immigration inspection and quarantine system laboratory, product quality inspection agency laboratory, agricultural product testing agency laboratory, drug testing agency laboratory, medical laboratory laboratory, analysis and testing center experiment Room, research incubator laboratory, public security system laboratory, water quality testing laboratories, environmental testing laboratories, nuclear power system laboratories, teaching systems laboratory, factory laboratories. Although the industry laboratories have different names according to their industry characteristics, they are inseparable from the scope of dry laboratories or wet laboratories, belonging to chemical laboratories, biological laboratories or physical laboratories.